nonsense ... the line singled out in the geoff page review below: 'flap dang bamm boozled right rort write' (from 'next dance--' pp 88-9) raises questions about nonsense .. something kids are brought up on in nursery rhymes & some folk songs .. nonsense is integral to lear, hamlet and macbeth (tragedies more than comedies??) both as practice & theme .. & it comes out in rock 'n roll eg tutti frutti which this line reminds me of .. its in stein & joyce .. cummings ginsberg et al (pull my daisy) & lisa jarnot .. nonsense relies on puns .. shakespeare liked puns .. stein & joyce are the big modernist punters in my head .. the nme (new musical express) is exemplary in its use of puns in article & review headlines .. but is the pun like metaphor a conservative form? that elides difference? where does langpo sit with this? is klupzy a pun or only to me? the shakespeare, joyce, stein revel in punning; ashbery, bruce andrews, coolidge seem to me to be more .. post-pun: the pun suppressed. hejinian tho steinian is more austere i think. i expect some poets use puns as a structural device & then strip the poem of evidence. less adventurous poets only use puns very obviously & badly: this is known as academic humour.